Category: Blog Posts

What is Hard Water ?

Have you Heard about Hard Water?


You may have heard of hard water but are not sure what that is, and if you own a home you owe it to yourself to learn more. It may not be a problem yet, but hard water is the kind of issue that can be easily ignored until it costs you. Even if you have a water utility company that filters and treats your water they are not required to deal with hard water and often don’t, leaving you with the potential damages to your home if you don’t learn more.


So you have to ask yourself, what is hard water, what does it do to your home and family, and what can you do about it? Rest assured that we have answers for these questions, and a perfect solution.


What is Hard Water?


When thinking about water, it’s easy to wonder how it can be considered hard. “Hard” water actually refers to a high concentration of minerals in your water, and is a result of water’s natural path from raindrops to your home. As water moves through rivers and streams, soaking through the ground and into aquifers and lakes, it pulls minerals in and can carry them for miles and miles.


All untreated water has some amount of minerals in it, but hard water usually refers to calcium and magnesium in relatively high doses. Even the ‘hardest’ water, the water with the most calcium and magnesium in it, will usually look perfectly clear and all but the strongest water filters will not remove this hardness from the water.


While it sounds frightening, hard water is perfectly safe to drink and may even have some health benefits! Calcium and Magnesium in this natural form are good for your bones and muscles, but hard water does have its issues for your skin, hair, and home if left untreated.


What Does it Do?


For anyone who’s bought mineral water at the grocer store, the idea of hard water hurting you or your home seems silly, but there can be some real issues letting hard water go.


One of the simplest ways hard water is a pain is how it affects soap. The calcium and magnesium react with most soaps, binding to it and making it ineffective at cleaning. This often reduces the effectiveness of washing machines and dishwashers, requiring more soap to do a poorer job, leaving dishes covered in water spots and clothes feeling stiffer.


Also, a problem with this soap interaction is how it affects your hair and skin. The inactive soap and calcium mixture creates a film that lingers, preventing your hair and skin from getting proper moisture and causing dryness, damage, and a slimy feeling all over.


But the most serious problems are not quite as noticeable. Hard water creates scale, a visible buildup of calcium and magnesium carbonate that looks like a flaky white residue on your faucets and fixtures. If you see this buildup, there is likely more on the pipes and appliances in your home. 


While the visible buildup is unsightly and annoying to remove, the internal buildup can coat the inside of your water heater and raise your electric bill, clog your pipes and reduce your water pressure, or even completely block the function of any number of household appliances that use water, driving up repair costs and reducing their lifespan significantly.


If you see white, flaky buildup on your faucets, see an unexplained rise in your heating bill, or notice that you are using more soap than you should, you may have hard water issues waiting to happen. You may want to test your water and start looking for a solution.


What is the Solution?


The big question should then be what you do about hard water. A common solution is to permanently install a water treatment system to remove hard water entirely but many systems have their drawbacks.


Old-Fashioned salt-based water softeners use a process called ion exchange to replace the calcium and magnesium with sodium, which will prevent hard water buildup as long as you keep filling it with heavy bags of salt pellets. But the sodium is much less healthy than calcium or magnesium, those on low-sodium diets for health reasons may want to steer clear of this solution.


Another modern solution is to use an extremely powerful filter, such as a reverse osmosis system, to remove all the minerals from the water. While this will avoid the sodium issue, it can be very expensive to install, use up a lot of space, waste a lot of water, and it still removes the healthy calcium, magnesium, and any disinfectants used to prevent bacteria from growing in your pipes.


Either solution and its downsides must be weighed against the benefits of hard water. But we have a better way.


Our Solution


The NuvoH2O system involves no compromises and keeps the natural benefits of Calcium and Magnesium. Our system uses a citric concentrate that binds with hard water and prevents it from binding with soap or forming scale, even as it breaks down the scale that has already formed. The citrus-based compound we use is FDA approved, safe for your pets, plants, and family, and is environmentally friendly with no wasted water, and no excess salt to damage the local ecosystem.


We are confident that our system is the best solution for your home, and we would love to do everything we can to give you the best water possible. But whatever solution you choose, be sure to know what your choices are when dealing with hard water. It isn’t something that needs to be confusing or frightening, and understanding it can lead to a happier, healthier life.